one true church 7 98 "the universal sacrament of salvation for the human race 99 100 and "the one true religion". Penance Main article: Sacrament of Penance The Sacrament of Penance (also called Reconciliation, Forgiveness, Confession, and Conversion 175 ) exists for the conversion of those who, after baptism, separate themselves from Christ by sin. Has full, supreme, and universal power over the whole Church, a power which he can always exercise unhindered.' 'The college or body of bishops has no authority unless united with the Roman Pontiff, Peter's successor, as its head.' As such, this college has 'supreme and. A b Thurston, Herbert (1908). 130 These include various practices regarding the veneration of the saints, especially veneration of the Virgin Mary. Archived from the original on Retrieved 26 November 2014. 172 note 8 The words of consecration reflect the words spoken by Jesus during the Last Supper, where Christ offered his body and blood to his Apostles the night before his crucifixion. 250 Use of natural knuddels app für samsung tübingen family planning methods among United States Catholics purportedly is low, although the number cannot be known with certainty. 333 In subsequent centuries, Catholicism spread widely across the world, in part through missionaries and imperialism, although its hold on European populations declined due to the growth of religious scepticism during and after the Enlightenment. He is credited with having a less formal approach to the papacy than his predecessors. The liturgies of the Eucharist and the other sacraments vary from rite to rite based on differing theological emphasis. 268 Sexual abuse cases Main article: Catholic Church sexual abuse cases From the 1990s, the issue of sexual abuse of minors by Catholic clergy and other church members has become the subject of civil litigation, criminal prosecution, media coverage and public debate in countries around. The New Shape of World Christianity (Downers Grove, IL: IVP Academic, 2009 191. 40 Following the death or resignation of a pope, note 5 members of the College of Cardinals who are under age 80 act as electoral college, meeting in a papal conclave to elect a successor.